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Ice skates made from bone are common archaeological finds from the Viking age. One of the better known examples is the pair found at Birka which probably date from the 9th century. A sketch of one skate in the pair is shown to the left.
The bones were tied to the bottom of the shoes using leather thongs. The holes for the thong are in the sides of the skates at the front and back. The front of the skate (to the left in the sketch) has been shaped into a wedge to help the skate to pass over irregularities on the surface of the ice.
Typically, the metatarsal bones of horses or cattle were used. In people, the five metatarsal bones are the foot bones. In horses, which essentially walk on their toes, only the third metatarsal bone develops fully, resulting in a long, rugged bone.
Let’s skate together! Skating on bones in the past and todayby Hans Christian Küchelmann and Petar Zidarov
Bone ice skate with a leather boot

A sketch of one skateIce skates made from bone are common archaeological finds from the Viking age. One of the better known examples is the pair found at Birka which probably date from the 9th century. A sketch of one skate in the pair is shown to the left.

The bones were tied to the bottom of the shoes using leather thongs. The holes for the thong are in the sides of the skates at the front and back. The front of the skate (to the left in the sketch) has been shaped into a wedge to help the skate to pass over irregularities on the surface of the ice.

Typically, the metatarsal bones of horses or cattle were used. In people, the five metatarsal bones are the foot bones. In horses, which essentially walk on their toes, only the third metatarsal bone develops fully, resulting in a long, rugged bone.

Let’s skate together! Skating on bones in the past and today
by Hans Christian Küchelmann and Petar Zidarov

Bone ice skate with a leather boot

Filed under ice skating norse viking medieval bone archaeology

959 notes

FEHU-cattle, wealth, prosperity, money,  promotion, business, goals, finance, physical needs, beginnings, movable  wealth, power, control, phallus
URUZ-aurochs, strength, passion,  instinct, wildness, sexuality, umconscious mind, strength of will,  energy, right of passage, healing, power, perseverance, stamina, but  success does not come at expense of others
THURISAZ-Thorn or Thor, hardship,  knowledge, focus, passive protection, discipline, introspection, painful  event, sudden change without warning, attack or defense
ANSUZ-God rune, authority figure,  leader, balance of mind and body, justice, psychic talent, success, wise  decisions, leadership, divine breath, maintaining order
RAIDO-wheel, journey, change, life  lessons, progress, guest, destiny, pilgrimage, ritual, process, path and  vehicle, must be in right place at right time
KENAZ-torch, wisdom, insight, solution,  enlightenment, inspiration, creativity, transformation, knowledge, an  illness as a means of transformation, positive actions
GEBO-gift, generosity, offering,  relationships. marriage, love, partnerships, relation with gods,  unexpected good fortune, balance
WUNJO-glory, success, achievement,  recognition, attaining goals, reward, joy, bliss, good news from afar,  midpoint between opposites, shows harmonious ways to do things
HAGALAZ-hail, suddenness, ordeal,  destruction, disaster, testing, karmic lesson, drastic change,  transformation, chaos, formative thought
NAUTHIZ-need, poverty, hardship,  responsibility, discontent, obstacle, frustration, necessity, know  thyself, do not strive against fate
ISA-ice, inactivity, stagnation,  patience, reflection, withdrawal, rest, blockage, inexorable forces,  moving slowly, hidden meanings and influences
JERA-year, cycles, harvest, change,  motion, productivity, reward, inevitable development, turning of cycles,  completion in the proper time
EIHWAZ-Yew tree, change, confronting fears, transformation, initiation, turning pints, death, magic, magic staff, tree of life
PERTHRO-cup, rebirth, fertility, new  beginnings, sexuality, mystery, magic, prophecy, divination, hidden  things, memory, uncertainty, initiation
ALGIZ-elk, protection, assistance, defense, warning, support, mentor, ethical dilemma
SOWULO-sun, success, positive energy,  increase, power, activity, fertility, health, light triumphs over dark,  magical will, acting beneficially, victory through magic
TEIWAZ-god, duty, responsibilty,  discipline, self-sacrifice, conflict, strength, financial risk,  targeting forces of greatest effect, regulation
BERKANA-birch, fertility, health, new beginnings, growth, conception, plenty, clearance, completion, regeneration, purification
EHWAZ-horse, movement, transportation,  motion, assistance, energy, communication, power, will, recklessness,  intention to carry things through to completion, bringing things  together through trust and loyalty
MANNAZ-human, questioner, self, community, family, relationships, social concerns, language
LAGUZ-water, emotions, fears,  unconscious mind, hidden things, revelation, intuition, counseling, life  force, fluidity, ebb and flow
INGUZ-fire, work, bounty, productivity,  grounding, balance, connection to land, household protection, male  orgasm, burns slowly and then bursts into flames
OTHILA-inheritance, property,  prosperity, land, home, permanence, legacy, a gain from a lose,  synthesis, sense of belonging, individual liberty, maintaining family  ties
DAGAZ-day, happiness, success, activity, satisfaction, fulfilling lifestyle, balance, health, things that are unnoticed
 
(Some use the blank rune. If you use it, it stands for fate and things which are out of control.)
Reversed rune stones usually mean that the issue is having too much or not enough of the idea or meaning of the stone.

FEHU-cattle, wealth, prosperity, money, promotion, business, goals, finance, physical needs, beginnings, movable wealth, power, control, phallus

URUZ-aurochs, strength, passion, instinct, wildness, sexuality, umconscious mind, strength of will, energy, right of passage, healing, power, perseverance, stamina, but success does not come at expense of others

THURISAZ-Thorn or Thor, hardship, knowledge, focus, passive protection, discipline, introspection, painful event, sudden change without warning, attack or defense

ANSUZ-God rune, authority figure, leader, balance of mind and body, justice, psychic talent, success, wise decisions, leadership, divine breath, maintaining order

RAIDO-wheel, journey, change, life lessons, progress, guest, destiny, pilgrimage, ritual, process, path and vehicle, must be in right place at right time

KENAZ-torch, wisdom, insight, solution, enlightenment, inspiration, creativity, transformation, knowledge, an illness as a means of transformation, positive actions

GEBO-gift, generosity, offering, relationships. marriage, love, partnerships, relation with gods, unexpected good fortune, balance

WUNJO-glory, success, achievement, recognition, attaining goals, reward, joy, bliss, good news from afar, midpoint between opposites, shows harmonious ways to do things

HAGALAZ-hail, suddenness, ordeal, destruction, disaster, testing, karmic lesson, drastic change, transformation, chaos, formative thought

NAUTHIZ-need, poverty, hardship, responsibility, discontent, obstacle, frustration, necessity, know thyself, do not strive against fate

ISA-ice, inactivity, stagnation, patience, reflection, withdrawal, rest, blockage, inexorable forces, moving slowly, hidden meanings and influences

JERA-year, cycles, harvest, change, motion, productivity, reward, inevitable development, turning of cycles, completion in the proper time

EIHWAZ-Yew tree, change, confronting fears, transformation, initiation, turning pints, death, magic, magic staff, tree of life

PERTHRO-cup, rebirth, fertility, new beginnings, sexuality, mystery, magic, prophecy, divination, hidden things, memory, uncertainty, initiation

ALGIZ-elk, protection, assistance, defense, warning, support, mentor, ethical dilemma

SOWULO-sun, success, positive energy, increase, power, activity, fertility, health, light triumphs over dark, magical will, acting beneficially, victory through magic

TEIWAZ-god, duty, responsibilty, discipline, self-sacrifice, conflict, strength, financial risk, targeting forces of greatest effect, regulation

BERKANA-birch, fertility, health, new beginnings, growth, conception, plenty, clearance, completion, regeneration, purification

EHWAZ-horse, movement, transportation, motion, assistance, energy, communication, power, will, recklessness, intention to carry things through to completion, bringing things together through trust and loyalty

MANNAZ-human, questioner, self, community, family, relationships, social concerns, language

LAGUZ-water, emotions, fears, unconscious mind, hidden things, revelation, intuition, counseling, life force, fluidity, ebb and flow

INGUZ-fire, work, bounty, productivity, grounding, balance, connection to land, household protection, male orgasm, burns slowly and then bursts into flames

OTHILA-inheritance, property, prosperity, land, home, permanence, legacy, a gain from a lose, synthesis, sense of belonging, individual liberty, maintaining family ties

DAGAZ-day, happiness, success, activity, satisfaction, fulfilling lifestyle, balance, health, things that are unnoticed

 

(Some use the blank rune. If you use it, it stands for fate and things which are out of control.)

Reversed rune stones usually mean that the issue is having too much or not enough of the idea or meaning of the stone.

(Source: moonstonebeginning, via kabroder)

Filed under runes norse

135 notes

bad-mojo:

defunctparadigm:

This is the Rök Runestone in Östergötland, Sweden. The runes used are the short-twig runes written in an Old Norse dialect, as well as kennings and cipher runes, and is covered by runes on all 5 sides (approximately 760 characters). This is the modern English translation:
In memory of Vémóðr/Vámóðr stand these runes.And Varinn coloured them, the father,in memory of his dead son.
I say the folktale / to the young men, which the two war-booties were, which twelve times were taken as war-booty, both together from various men.
I say this second, who nine generations ago lost his life with the Hreidgoths; and died with them for his guilt.
Þjóðríkr the bold,chief of sea-warriors,ruled over the shores of the Hreiðsea.Now he sits armedon his Goth(ic horse),his shield strapped,the prince of the Mærings.
I say this the twelfth, where the horse of Gunnr sees fodder on the battlefield, where twenty kings lie.
This I say as thirteenth, which twenty kings sat on Sjólund for four winters, of four names, born of four brothers: five Valkis, sons of Hráðulfr, five Hreiðulfrs, sons of Rugulfr, five Háisl, sons of Hôrðr, five Gunnmundrs/Kynmundrs, sons of Bjôrn.
Now I say the tales in full. Someone …
I say the folktale / to the young men, which of the line of Ingold was repaid by a wife’s sacrifice.
I say the folktale / to the young men, to whom is born a relative, to a valiant man. It is Vélinn. He could crush a giant. It is Vélinn … [Nit]
I say the folktale / to the young men: Þórr. Sibbi of Vé, nonagenarian, begot (a son).

I live kinda close to this :D

bad-mojo:

defunctparadigm:

This is the Rök Runestone in Östergötland, Sweden. The runes used are the short-twig runes written in an Old Norse dialect, as well as kennings and cipher runes, and is covered by runes on all 5 sides (approximately 760 characters). This is the modern English translation:

In memory of Vémóðr/Vámóðr stand these runes.
And Varinn coloured them, the father,
in memory of his dead son.

I say the folktale / to the young men, which the two war-booties were, which twelve times were taken as war-booty, both together from various men.

I say this second, who nine generations ago lost his life with the Hreidgoths; and died with them for his guilt.

Þjóðríkr the bold,
chief of sea-warriors,
ruled over the shores of the Hreiðsea.
Now he sits armed
on his Goth(ic horse),
his shield strapped,
the prince of the Mærings.

I say this the twelfth, where the horse of Gunnr sees fodder on the battlefield, where twenty kings lie.

This I say as thirteenth, which twenty kings sat on Sjólund for four winters, of four names, born of four brothers: five Valkis, sons of Hráðulfr, five Hreiðulfrs, sons of Rugulfr, five Háisl, sons of Hôrðr, five Gunnmundrs/Kynmundrs, sons of Bjôrn.

Now I say the tales in full. Someone …

I say the folktale / to the young men, which of the line of Ingold was repaid by a wife’s sacrifice.

I say the folktale / to the young men, to whom is born a relative, to a valiant man. It is Vélinn. He could crush a giant. It is Vélinn … [Nit]

I say the folktale / to the young men: Þórr. Sibbi of Vé, nonagenarian, begot (a son).

I live kinda close to this :D

(via talltrees-deactivated20121003)

Filed under norse history